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21 Days to Positive Money Habits
by, 03-03-2009 at 11:44 AM (2118 Views)
It is an accepted part of self-help wisdom that it takes twenty-one days to develop a new habit and make it stick. This has been found to be true in weight loss, smoking cessation, reducing alcohol consumption, and many other regimens designed to create positive habits. It can also be applied to your finances. If you are having trouble getting motivated to create a better financial life, a dedicated effort over just twenty-one days can create better money management habits.
Of course, itís not a miracle cure. If youíre in deep financial trouble you certainly wonít be able to solve all your problems or pay all your debt in twenty-one days. Thatís not the point. What youíre trying to do over these twenty-one days is to lay the foundation for tackling your money problems over the longer haul. You use these twenty-one days to create better financial habits so you can get out of trouble and avoid getting in trouble next time. If youíre doing nothing about your finances, these twenty-one days can get you started on the basics.
Below are twenty-one things you can do to create better money management habits. Each one is small enough to be done in a day. (Depending on your situation it may require a long day, but it can be done in a day.) Do one thing per day (you donít have to do them in order) and you should be on your way to better money management habits. If you can go for three weeks without falling back into your old patterns, you stand a better chance of coming out on the other side with new, ingrained, money management habits.
1. Figure out exactly how much you owe. This sounds like a ďduh,Ē but you canít make a plan without knowing exactly how much you owe and to whom. Itís time to come clean. List all loans, lines of credit, HELOCís, credit cards, ďX months same as cashĒ offers, 0% financing, etc. List everything, no matter how small, including that $10 you owe your coworker for lunch last week. If you donít know what you owe, you canít create a plan to become wealthier. Figure it out.
2. Figure out exactly how much you have. Tally up all your assets, including cash, 401Kís, IRAís, stocks/bonds, your change jar, and the money in your mattress. If possible, include an approximate value for your house, if you own one. Donít count ďexpectedĒ money like tax refunds or inheritances until you have them. Expected money is not money you have. Many people have no idea how much they have (or donít have) and I donít think you can create any sort of financial plan without knowing exactly how much you have.
3. Figure out your net worth. Subtract the number you discovered in number one from the number you came up with in number two (assets minus liabilities). This is your net worth. Itís a handy number to know. If itís positive, youíre doing some things right and you want to keep heading in that direction. If itís negative, youíve got problems and need to work on them ASAP. Itís not a number that matters to anyone but you, but it is a good indicator of where youíve been and where youíre heading.
4. Know how much you bring home every month. This sounds like another big ďduh,Ē but Iím always surprised by how many people donít know this. They know how much they earn, their salary (some people with multiple jobs or self-employment donít even know that, but thatís another story), but not how much they actually bring home each month. Figure out what you actually bring home after taxes, insurance, flex spending, 401K and any other deductions. You can also include interest you earn on savings, as long as withdrawing that interest wonít cost you penalties. This is the amount you have to work with every month to spend, save, and pay down debt.
5. Get your credit reports from all three credit bureaus. You can get one free per year from each bureau at AnnualCreditReport.com. Check for inaccuracies, debts youíve forgotten about (if you find any, adjust your numbers in #ís 1, 2 and 3), and anything else that doesnít seem right. Figure out a plan of attack for resolving any errors and cleaning up your report. A clean report makes it easier to qualify for car loans and mortgages, if you need them.
6. Identify your spending drains. Sit down and figure out where your money leaks are. We all have them. Some people like to eat out, some people collect things, some people canít part with their morning coffee. A lot of times these spending drains are almost unconscious. Pull them out into the open and try to figure out what about this item is a problem for you. Now that youíre aware of it, work on controlling it.
7. Donít spend anything for one day. Go just one day and spend nothing. Donít buy coffee, donít go to the drive-thru, donít stop at Target for ďjust one thing.Ē Donít even buy gas. See how good it feels to go without spending for a day. Now try to add more no-spend days to your life.
8. Figure out your fees. Pull out your bank and credit card statements and looks at the fees youíre being charged for overdrafts, ATM withdrawals, late fees, account maintenance fees, etc. Figure out a way to eliminate these feesócall the bank and negotiate, stop doing whatever it is thatís incurring the fees, or switch banks if they wonít work with you.
9. Organize your bill paying. Organization is not a bag or shoe box stuffed with unpaid bills. Create a system so that when a bill comes in, it goes into a holding area until itís paid (itís preferable if you can pay it when it comes in, but I realize that for many thatís not possible). Put your bill paying supplies in one place to minimize the aggravation. Then create a system to keep records of your payments. Get a filing cabinet or file box to keep the receipts. If possible, automate as many bill payments as you can so you donít have to worry about it. Maybe you need to make a spreadsheet listing all bills and their due dates so you can check them off as you go. Clear the sheet at the end of the month and begin again next month.
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