Disaster preparedness
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  1. #1
    Registered User sunshine's Avatar
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    Default Disaster preparedness

    In light of the recent hurricaine and upcoming winter season for some of us:

    72 hour pack

    Remember this is not fancy or filling but it will keep someone alive. if
    you have no way to heat water- you will have cold things but it will still
    provide nourishment. You will need to pack carefully in order to get these
    things into the carton then tape them closed securley and then tape it to
    the 2 ltr. bottle. Include the following lists with it so you will know when
    to have what.
    The cracker pks. are like what you get in some resturants (2 per plastic
    wrapper). Save the empty soup can for mixing things in. The menu says to eat
    the can of soup on day 2 so you might want to keep an extra cup handy but it
    won't fit into the carton. I think I will tape a sturdy plastic mug on the
    top of the water bottle.
    I am putting these in back packs (1 per person) along with other things
    I feel are important like warm socks, can opener (in mine only) for the
    soup, space blankets, flash lights, etc.


    2 pkg. chewing gum
    2 pkg. hot chocolate mix
    1 1/2 cups trail mix
    2 sticks beef jerky
    2 pkgs. apple cider mix
    1 fruit juice box
    4 granola bars
    14 pieces of hard candy
    2 fruit roll ups
    3 pkg. soda crackers
    1 two liter pop bottle filled with water
    1 can hearty soup

    Date made:_________
    Date expires________

    Rotate kit every 2 years so food
    retains it's nutritional value.

    Rotate water every 3 months to keep fresh.


    Day 1
    Breakfast: 2 granola bars
    1 fruit juice box

    1 pkg. soup mix
    1 pkg. soda crackers

    1 stick beef jerky
    1 fruit roll up

    4 pieces of hard candy,
    3 sticks of gum

    Day 2

    1/2 trail mix
    1 hot chocolate

    1 stick beef jerky
    1 apple cider mix

    can of soup
    1 pkg. crackers

    5 pieces of candy
    4 sticks of gum

    Day 3

    1/2 of trail mix
    1 apple cider mix

    1 pkg. soup mix
    1 pkg. crackers

    2 granola bars
    1 fruit roll up
    1 hot cocoa

    4 pieces of candy
    3 sticks of gum.

    From: sheresa

    Your Family Disaster Supplies Kit

    Disasters happen anytime and anywhere. And when disaster strikes, you may
    not have much to respond.

    A highway spill of hazardous material could mean instant evacuation.

    A winter storm could confine your family at home.

    An earthquake, flood, tornado or any other disaster could cut off basic
    services - gas, water, electricity and telephones - for days.

    After a disaster, local officials and relief workers will be on the scene,
    but they cannot reach everyone immediately. You could get help in hours, or
    it may take days. Would your family be prepared to cope with the emergency
    until help arrives?

    Your family will cope best by preparing for disaster before it strikes. One
    way to prepare is by assembling a Disaster Supplies Kit. Once disaster hits,
    you won't have time to shop or search for supplies. But if you've gathered
    supplies in advance, your family can endure an evacuation or home

    To prepare your kit

    Review the checklists in this document.
    Gather the supplies that are listed. You may need them if your family is
    confined at home.
    Place the supplies you'd most likely need for an evacuation in an
    easy-to-carry container. These supplies are listed with an asterisk (*).

    There are six basics you should stock in your home: water, food, first aid
    supplies, clothing and bedding, tools and emergency supplies and special
    items. Keep the items that you would most likely need during an evacuation
    in an easy-to-carry container--suggested items are marked with an
    asterisk(*). Possible containers include

    a large, covered trash container;

    a camping backpack; or a duffle bag.

    Store water in plastic containers such as soft drink bottles. Avoid using
    containers that will decompose or break, such as milk cartons or glass
    bottles. A normally active person needs to drink at least two quarts of
    water each day. Hot environments and intense physical activity can double
    that amount. Children, nursing mothers and ill people will need more.

    Store one gallon of water per person per day (two quarts for drinking, two
    quarts for food preparation/sanitation)*
    Keep at least a three-day supply of water for each person in your household.

    Store at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food. Select foods that
    require no refrigeration, preparation or cooking and little or no water. If
    you must heat food, pack a can of sterno. Select food items that are compact
    and lightweight.

    *Include a selection of the following foods in your Disaster Supplies Kit:

    Ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits and vegetables
    Canned juices, milk, soup (if powdered, store extra water)
    Staples--sugar, salt, pepper
    High energy foods--peanut butter, jelly, crackers, granola bars, trail mix
    Foods for infants, elderly persons or persons on special diets
    Comfort/stress foods--cookies, hard candy, sweetened cereals, lollipops,
    instant coffee, tea bags
    First Aid Kit

    Assemble a first aid kit for your home and one for each car. A first aid
    kit* should include:

    Sterile adhesive bandages in assorted sizes
    2-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)
    4-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)
    Hypoallergenic adhesive tape
    Triangular bandages (3)
    2-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)
    3-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)
    Moistened towelettes
    Tongue blades (2)
    Tube of petroleum jelly or other lubricant
    Assorted sizes of safety pins
    Cleansing agent/soap
    Latex gloves (2 pair)
    Non-prescription drugs

    Aspirin or nonaspirin pain reliever
    Anti-diarrhea medication
    Antacid (for stomach upset)
    Syrup of Ipecac (use to induce vomiting if advised by the Poison Control
    Activated charcoal (use if advised by the Poison Control Center)
    Contact your local American Red Cross chapter to obtain a basic first aid

    Store your kit in a convenient place known to all family members. Keep a
    smaller version of the Disaster Supplies Kit in the trunk of your car.

    Keep items in air-tight plastic bags.
    Change your stored water supply every six months so it stays fresh.
    Rotate your stored food every six months.
    Re-think your kit and family needs at least once a year. Replace batteries,
    update clothes, etc.
    Ask your physician or pharmacist about storing prescription medications.

    Tools and Supplies
    Mess kits, or paper cups, plates and plastic utensils*
    Emergency preparedness manual*
    Battery-operated radio and extra batteries*
    Flashlight and extra batteries*
    Cash or traveler's checks, change*
    Nonelectric can opener, utility knife*
    Fire extinguisher: small canister, ABC type
    Tube tent
    Matches in a waterproof container
    Aluminum foil
    Plastic storage containers
    Signal flare
    Paper, pencil
    Needles, thread
    Medicine dropper
    Shut-off wrench, to turn off household gas and water
    Plastic sheeting
    Map of the area (for locating shelters)

    Toilet paper, towelettes*
    Soap, liquid detergent*
    Feminine supplies*
    Personal hygiene items*
    Plastic garbage bags, ties (for personal sanitation uses)
    Plastic bucket with tight lid
    Household chlorine bleach
    Clothing and Bedding
    *Include at least one complete change of clothing and footwear per person.

    Sturdy shoes or work boots*
    Hat and gloves
    Rain gear*
    Thermal underwear
    Blankets or sleeping bags*
    Special Items

    Remember family members with special needs, such as infants and elderly or
    disabled persons.

    For Baby*

    Powdered milk
    For Adults*

    Heart and high blood pressure medication
    Prescription drugs
    Denture needs
    Contact lenses and supplies
    Extra eye glasses
    Entertainment--games and books.

    Important Family Documents
    Keep these records in a waterproof, portable container.

    Will, insurance policies, contracts, deeds, stocks and bonds
    Passports, social security cards, immunization records
    Bank account numbers
    Credit card account numbers and companies
    Inventory of valuable household goods, important telephone numbers
    Family records (birth, marriage, death certificates)


    To get started...
    Contact your local emergency management or civil defense office and your
    local American Red Cross chapter.

    Find out which disasters are most likely to happen in your community.
    Ask how you would be warned.
    Find out how to prepare for each.
    Meet with your family.

    Discuss the types of disasters that could occur.
    Explain how to prepare and respond.
    Discuss what to do if advised to evacuate.
    Practice what you have discussed.

    Plan how your family will stay in contact if separated by disaster.

    Pick two meeting places:
    1) a location a safe distance from your home in case of fire.
    2) a place outside your neighborhood in case you can't return home.
    Choose an out-of-state friend as a "check-in contact" for everyone to call.
    Complete these steps.

    Post emergency telephone numbers by every phone.
    Show responsible family members how and when to shut off water, gas and
    electricity at main switches.
    Install a smoke detector on each level of your home, especially near
    bedrooms; test monthly and change the batteries two times each year.
    Contact your local fire department to learn about home fire hazards.
    Learn first aid and CPR. Contact your local American Red Cross chapter for
    information and training.
    Meet with your neighbors.

    Plan how the neighborhood could work together after a disaster. Know your
    neighbors' skills (medical, technical). Consider how you could help
    neighbors who have special needs, such as elderly or disabled persons. Make
    plans for child care in case parents can't get home.

    Remember to practice and maintain your plan.

    The Federal Emergency Management Agency's Community and Family Preparedness
    Program and the American Red Cross Disaster Education Program are nationwide
    efforts to help people prepare for disasters of all types. For more
    information, please contact your local or State Office of Emergency
    Management, and your local American Red Cross chapter. Ask for "Your Family
    Disaster Plan" and the "Emergency Preparedness Checklist."
    Or write to:
    P.O. Box 70274
    Washington, D.C. 20024

    FEMA L-189
    ARC 4463

    These wonderful folks put togather the best lists

    The Latter Day Saints Church Network Master Emergency PREP Plan

    Part 2: one-year preparedness

    This is the LDSCN Master PREP Plan. It is designed to provide a
    comprehensive list from which individuals may choose items appropriate to
    their situations which can be used to stock a one-year/multi-year
    emergency preparedness program.
    For short-range planning, see Part 1

    Water 2x 50-gallon water supply drums, plastic
    Water drum distribution hand pump
    Pans for boiling water
    Iodine water purification tablets
    Halazone water purification tablets
    Additional water containers in assorted sizes... 2 _ gal, .5-1 liter
    Aqua Blox (boxed water like the boxed juice drinks)


    Food: Here are a number of thoughts regarding food. Work with your normal
    menu. Plan a menu for two weeks; multiply commodity quantities by 52 to
    get two-year quantities. Store what you eat so that supplies will be
    palatable to you, and eat what you store, to ensure a constant rotation.
    Although we will list specific ingredients and hard-storage items, the
    best thing to do is to buy double quantities. Each time you go to the
    store, buy two of each item... one for storage, and one for use. Do this
    regularly to build up a storage supply. Eat the oldest items first, and
    date each can or package to ensure freshness. Take advantage of case lot
    sales and other sale items where possible.
    Whole grains: 300 lbs. per person per year, such as wheat, oats, rolled
    oats, corn, cornmeal, popcorn, etc.
    Wheat mill, electric: K-Tec Kitchen Mill
    Multifunction kitchen support: K-Tec Kitchen Champ
    Wheat mill, hand powered
    Flour, white enriched, such as available from Price Club in 50 lb. Sacks
    Pastas, including spaghetti, macaroni, and shell pasta
    Soup Mixes
    Rice, assorted sizes and types
    Nonfat dry milk: 75 lbs. per person per year
    Canned evaporated milk
    Cheese spreads
    Brick cheese
    Powdered cheese
    Butter flavor granules (not for frying)
    Powdered butter
    Powdered eggs
    Sugar: 60 lbs. per person per year, such as white sugar, brown sugar,
    "raw" sugar, powdered sugar
    Corn Syrup
    Gelatin mixes
    Drink mixes
    Pudding Mixes
    Salt: 5 lbs. per person per year
    Fats: 20 lbs. per person per year, such as butter, margarine, etc.
    Vegetable Oil
    Olive Oil
    Salad oil/dressing
    Peanut Butter
    Beans and Nuts
    Beans: 60 lbs. per person per year, such as navy, pinto kidney and black
    beans, split peas and lentils
    Soybeans, including TVP
    Nuts, such as almonds, cashews, peanuts, walnuts, pecans, brazil nuts and
    macadamia nuts

    Other Food Items

    Juices: 25 lbs. per person per year, such as orange, grape, apple,
    cranberry, grapefruit, etc.
    Canned meats: 20 lbs. per person per year, such as tuna, chicken, ham,
    turkey, etc.
    Canned fruits and vegetables: 365 lbs. per person per year, such as
    peaches, pears, cherries, etc.
    Soups, all kinds
    Baking soda
    Baking powder
    Gelatin mixes
    Pie fillings
    Chow mein noodles
    Instant breakfast
    Pancake mixes
    Roll mixes
    Cake mixes
    Pie Crust mixes
    Casserole mixes
    Muffin mixes
    Pastry mixes
    Whipped topping mixes
    Pizza mixes
    Cookie mixes
    Pudding mixes
    Onion Salt
    Garlic Salt
    Seasoned Salt
    Chili Powder
    Bay leaves
    Poultry seasoning
    Soy Sauce
    Worcestershire sauce
    Vanilla extract
    Lemon extract
    Maple extract
    Spaghetti sauce
    Barbecue sauce
    Steak sauce
    Gravy mixes
    Lemon, lime juice
    Sauce mixes
    Bouillon cubes
    Chocolate Syrup
    Other Food Items
    MRE/EBM meals, at least one month per person (i.e. 3 cases per person)
    Sprouting Seeds and equipment, such as alfalfa, beans, peas, lentils,
    radishes, triticale
    Pet Foods, as needed
    Food Equipment
    Canning jars, lids, rings
    Hand-powered ice-cream maker
    Bottle Opener
    heavy-duty can opener
    Cooking utensils, fire safe
    Paper/plastic plates, cups, utensils
    Reusable Ice Packs
    Food storage cookbooks
    Aluminum Foil
    Plastic Wrap
    Freezer Paper
    Waxed Paper
    Ziploc Bags, assorted sizes
    Twist ties
    Paper napkins and paper towels
    Rubber gloves
    Hand egg beater
    Hand food processor
    Flour sifter
    Breadboard, cutting boards, rolling pin
    Several bread loaf pans
    Fire-safe pots and pans
    Dutch Oven
    Thermos jugs
    Asbestos gloves/hot pads
    Long-handled fire utensils
    Extra cooking grills

    Miscellaneous Non-Food Items

    Basic Tools, such as an axe, hatchet, pick and shovel
    Comprehensive tool kits: screwdrivers, wire cutters, wrenches, pliers,
    Gas wrench
    Garbage and plastic bags, all sizes
    Wheat grinder
    Seed and nut grinder
    Brooms, mops
    Mouse and insect traps, fly paper
    Storage boxes
    Batteries, all sizes and types
    Fire fighting supplies, such as buckets, sand, hoses, smoke detectors and
    fire extinguishers
    Office supplies, including pencils, paper, etc.
    Fuses, light bulbs, all sizes
    Furnace/air handler filters
    Non-electric push-type carpet cleaner
    Large metal garbage cans (many uses)
    Large plastic garbage cans with wheels (many uses)
    garbage bags, various sizes
    Hot water bottles, ice bags
    Work gloves, several pairs
    Camera and film
    Battery or non-electric alarm clocks
    Life preserver
    Heavy wire
    Rope, all sizes
    Plastic bags, plastic sheeting, all sizes
    Assorted nails, screws, nuts, bolts
    Hand drills, handsaws, etc.
    Tapes: Duct, electrical, masking, scotch, etc.
    Plumbing repair materials: washers, drain openers, etc.
    Caulking gun and caulking tubes
    Various glues
    Oil, grease, grease gun
    Bicycles for each family member
    Clothing and Bedding
    Clothing/Bedding: Two years' supply per person. Focus on durable, simple,
    comfortable, durable clothing, simple styles and classic colors only,
    which will not become outdated. Base decisions on climate, individual
    family members' needs, and clothing versatility.
    Warm winter coat
    Wool socks
    Thermal and regular underwear, T-shirts
    Sewing kit: including scissors, needles, threads, pins, safety pins,
    masking tape, measuring tape, iron
    Hat for sun protection
    Knit ski cap
    Scarf, wool
    Gloves, leather work
    Shoes, extra pair
    Boots, for rain/snow/cold protection
    Several pairs of socks, cotton and wool
    Two-Piece rainsuit with hood or hat
    Wool/Flannel shirts
    Long pants
    Large bath towel
    Bath towels, hand towels, dish towels
    Dishcloths, Washcloths
    Sleeping bags
    Emergency Blankets
    Quilts (lots of heavy ones)
    Several large blankets
    Several changes of bedsheets/pillowcases
    Spare pillows
    Cleaning and Sanitation
    Chlorine Bleach
    Portable toilets, large supply of liners and disinfectant
    Plastic bags, all sizes
    Lysol Disinfectant
    Deodorizer tablets
    Laundry detergent
    Stain removers
    Bathroom cleaners
    Fabric softeners
    Paper towels
    3M scrubbing sponges
    Waterproof gloves
    Dish Detergents
    Bar Soap
    Shampoo and Conditioner
    Toothpaste and Toothbrushes
    Pre-moistened towelettes
    Toilet Paper
    Facial Tissue
    Feminine Supplies
    Plastic sink/wash basin/hand pump
    Shaving supplies
    Spare glasses, sunglasses, contact lenses
    Five-gallon solar shower
    Extra brooms/mops
    Rubbing alcohol
    Skin lotion

    First Aid

    Full medical kit, pre-assembled
    Additional supplies to cover two years for all persons
    Consecrated Oil
    IR Ear thermometer
    Towels, small terrycloth
    Cotton Balls
    Q-tip cotton swabs
    Broad-spectrum antibiotics
    Chloraseptic anesthetic cough drops
    Regular cough drops
    Maalox tablets
    Comtrex and other assorted multisymptom tablets
    Vicks 44 cough syrup
    Calamine/Caladryl lotion
    Neosporin ointment
    Hydrocortisone cream
    Tinactin cream
    Insect Repellant
    Baby Powder
    Alcohol Prep Pads
    Betadine Prep Pads
    Vaseline skin lotion/Keri lotion
    Zinc Oxide
    Salt Tablets
    Any prescription medications

    Fuel, Heat, Light

    Wood, coal, based on available furnaces
    2x365 (730) candles of all sizes
    Strike anywhere Matches
    Candle holders
    Oil Lamps, Lamp Oil, spare wicks
    Several flashlights, spare bulbs
    Batteries of all types and sizes
    Rechargeable batteries
    Charcoal briquettes, lighter fluid
    Hibachi Grills
    Charcoal Grill
    Kerosene Lanterns/Heaters, spare kerosene
    Propane lanterns, spare propane
    Extra wicks, chimneys and mantles for lamps
    Propane Stove/Heaters, spare propane
    Small camp stoves/military stoves, assorted types, spare fuel
    Canned heat/Sterno/Ethanol
    Home power generator, spare fuel
    Cyalume lightsticks, all types
    Firestarters, assorted types
    100 billion gazillion matches, including wood, waterproofed
    Extra light bulbs, all types
    Hot water bottles
    Plastic sheeting and weather-stripping materials to cover windows, insulate, etc.
    Battery operated smoke detectors, both ionization and photoelectric types
    Fire extinguishers
    Fire escape ladders
    Garden hose, left hooked up and ready
    Water buckets by fireplaces/heaters


    Cash on Hand, hidden in home, small bills
    Bank Savings Accounts
    Bank Checking Accounts


    Garden Seeds: Two to three years' supply on hand
    Extra bags of chemical garden fertilizers
    Extra bags of lawn fertilizers
    Extra lawn sprinklers and hoses
    Wheel-type hand fertilizer distributor
    Push-type hand mower (for real emergencies only)
    Materials to construct a compost pile (lumber and mesh wire)
    Wide variety of vegetable/fruit pesticides and application equipment
    Garden spade/shovel
    Garden hoe
    Hand trowel
    Digging fork
    Stakes and cord/twine
    Rototiller and extra fuel
    Lawnmower and extra fuel
    Seeding tools
    Pruning shears
    Bailing Wire
    Water diffuser/distribution system
    Extra garden hose
    Wooden stakes/poles
    Bushel baskets
    Plastic sheeting
    Burlap sacks
    Seed starters
    Potting soil

  2. #2
    Registered User SewCrafty's Avatar
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    Excellent information Denise!

    Because we are usually only hit with snow storms. We have been snowed in one time for about 6 days. We got over 40+ inches of snow and the crews just couldn't handle it.

    When we remodeled the kitchen several years ago I demanded changing over to a gas stove. Even though it has an electric starter, I can still light it with a match. Which I keep an ample supply on hand of. I also stock up on lots of canned goods and have a good hand can opener. Even if we loose power, we won't starve. Oh and we also keep plenty of water on hand, not only for us but for our cats too. Pretty soon I will be buying an extra bag of food each week for them so I never run out in the winter.

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    Thumbs up

    Excellent info!

  6. #5

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    Awesome list Sunshine. thank you.

    We have also added 50 lbs. of salt to our storage just in case food has to be salted down in order to save.

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    Very good information

  8. #7
    Registered User prairiewife's Avatar
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    Thank you for the great ideas. I'm going to print this out to use as a guide for our emergency planning. I do a little stockpiling but have never seen such a comprehensive list. Our biggest worry here is snow storms or possibly the rare tornado during the summer.

    We are on a well for water so if the electricity goes out, no water. It also tastes terrible. I buy purified water in town for .20/gal and keep at least 8 gallons stored for the 2 of us.

    I would love to have a generator and hope we can purchase one for next winter.

    Another idea we had was purchasing a bulk gas tank, most of the farmers out here have them. We thought this might be helpful especially being 15 miles from the nearest gas station.

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    prairiewife check pawnshops for a generator. You can sometimes find these there,

  10. #9
    Registered User prairiewife's Avatar
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    Good idea. The new ones I've priced start at $400 and go up from there.

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    yep the prices are way out there. even where we live up in the mountains the pawn shops down in the closest city usually has generators sitting outside.

  12. #11
    Registered User sunshine's Avatar
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